Art reflects the human sense of aesthetics and is a product of human culture.
India is a cultural country of old.
Therefore, in art and culture, a unique fusion of folk art exists.
We have provided a list of Indian folk paintings in this article, which is very helpful for students preparing for competitive examinations such as UPSC, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS and Railways.
Art reflects the human sense of aesthetics and is a product of human culture. India is a cultural country of old.
Therefore, in art and culture, a unique fusion of folk art exists. Folk art is a mirror of any region or place’s folk cultural traditions.
India’s Folk Painting
Folk art is the traditional art of any region or tribe that has been passed down from generation to generation.
In various provinces, such as India, folk art can be seen in different forms.
Which, as discussed below, is known by various names.
1. Painting Madhubani
It is a prominent painting of the Mithilanchal region in Bihar, Madhubani and some regions of Nepal, such as Darbhanga.
The primary center of this folk painting is Jitwarpur village in Madhubani district.
This painting developed into a Rangoli in the early days and later this art gradually descended on clothes, walls and paper into modern form.
Men have also adopted this domestic painting commissioned by the women of Mithila.
In this painting, the deity is also represented in particular.
There will be images of Hindu deities, natural scenes such as the sun and moon, religious trees and plants such as Tulsi, and marriage scenes.
There are two types of Madhubani paintings – mural painting and Aripan or Alpana.
It is a tradition to make it at three special places in the house, such as the place of worship, the
Kohbar Room (in the married room), and at a marriage or any special celebration on the outer walls of the house.
Maa Durga, Kali, Sita-Ram, Radha-Krishna, Shiva-Parvati, Gauri-Ganesha and the ten avatars of Vishnu and so on are the Gods and Goddesses depicted in the Madhubani painting.
Many natural and delightful scenes are also depicted, apart from these photographs.
Mahasundari Devi Madhubani is a renowned painter.
2. Pattachitra Art
‘Patta’ means ‘towel’. It is a traditional Odisha painting. This painting depicts scenes of Subhadra, Balarama, Lord Jagannath, Dashavatar, and Krishna in their lives.
Which Indian languages are classically listed as
3. Pithora Painting
This is a traditional painting of the Gujarati Rathwas and of the people of the Bhil tribe.
Rather than an art form, it is more than a ritual.
4. Kalamkari Painting
Literally, ‘Kalmari’ means images made with a pen.
It is one of India’s principal folk arts.
Kalamkari is a form of craftsmanship in which an impression is made by hand with colored blocks on cotton cloth.
For both art and fabric, the term Kalamkari is used.
In the Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh state of India, this art is mainly practiced in Machilipatnam and Krishna.
5. Kalighat Painting
It is believed that this painting originated in the
late 19th century at the Kalighat temple in Kolkata.
In this painting, at that time, representations of the
characters of Hindu deities and traditional mythology were mainly seen.
In ancient times, by singing it to the people in pat paintings, the
painters of this art used to represent various gods and goddesses through this art.
Painters depict scenes based on Ramayana, Mahabharata, and other kimvadantis inlong papers in this painting style and sing and explain the illustration.
The diverse postures and hand signs of Buddha and their meanings
6. Floor painting (septum painting)
It is India’s ancient cultural tradition and folk art.
Various states have various names.
It is generally made on auspicious occasions such as festivals, fasting, worship, festive marriage, etc., with dry and natural colors.
In Uttar Pradesh, Apan in Uttarakhand, Mandana in Rajasthan, Magullu in Andhra Pradesh, Aripana in Bihar, Rangoli in Maharashtra, Alpana in West Bengal, Athiya in Gujarat, Rangwali in Karnataka, Kollam in Tamil Nadu, Aroof in Himachal Pradesh, and Kerala, known by various names such as Kalma Jattu.
7. Worli painting
This painting’s name belongs to a tiny tribal class living in the Maharashtra tribal state.
These ornate paintings, such as Gond and Kol, are made on the floors and walls of tribal houses and places of worship.
Trees, birds, males and females together
create a perfect image of Worli.
Tribal women make these paintings as part of a routine on auspicious occasions.
The content of these paintings is predominantly religious, using simple and local objects such as rice Lehi and local vegetable gum and using geometric forms such as square, triangular and circular on different color background.
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The daily life of animals, birds and humans is also part of the content of the images.
By adding other subjects in the form of a series, the images are expanded.
The Worli lifestyle tableau is beautifully displayed in simple shapes.
Worli painting does not promote religious images, unlike other tribal art types, and thus presents a more secular form.
8. Stitch painting
The painting is called the Thanka painting, based on the life of Lord Buddha and his teachings.
An exemplary example of Indian, Nepali and Tibetan culture is this painting.
Tibetan religion, culture and philosophical values have been expressed through this.
It usually consists of a cotton cloth washed the cotton car.
This painting is also called spiritual painting, because religion and spirituality are the subjects of this painting.
It is also called Buddhist painting, as it is a painting based on the life and teachings of Lord Buddha.